Curriculum Vitae, 2008


Eugene Edward Ruyle

Emeritus Professor of Anthropology

California State University, Long Beach


Contact Information

6603 Whitney Street, Oakland, CA  94609

Tel: 510 428-1578 Email:


Academic Web Page:

Political and Personal Web Page:



Employment History


1976-2006 California State University, Long Beach, Department of Anthropology:  Associate Professor (1976-81), Professor (1981-2002), Chair (1983-86), Emeritus Professor in Faculty Early Retirement Program (FERP) (2002-2006).


1970-1976 Assistant Professor of Anthropology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville


1964-1966 Caseworker, New York City Department of Welfare


1960-1963 Correctional Officer, San Quentin State Prison


1957-1969 U.S. Marine Corps (enlisted)



Academic Preparation


1963 B.A., University of California, Berkeley (Anthropology)


1965 M.A., Yale University (Anthropology) Thesis: "The Classification of Unilineal Descent Groups."


1971 Ph.D., Columbia University (Anthropology) Also, Certificate in East Asian Studies, Columbia University. Dissertation: "The Political Economy of the Japanese Ghetto." (Based on 17 months of field research on Japanese outcastism in Kyoto)



Academic Interests


General Anthropology, Marxism, Biocultural Evolution, Political Economy, Development of Anthropological Theory, Japan, China, Soviet Union.



Courses Taught


Introduction to Cultural Anthropology, Radical Social Analysis, The Human Adventure; Japanese Culture and Society, Chinese Culture and Society, Soviet Culture and Society, Peoples of India, General Anthropology, Urban Anthropology, Cultural Ecology,  Economic Anthropology, Political Anthropology, Social Anthropology, Development of Anthropological Theory.



Other University Activities


Active on the Academic Senate, Financial Affairs Council (Secretary), California Faculty Association, Asian Studies, Peace Studies Program, Peter Carr Peace Center., NAGPRA (Native American Grave Protection and Repatriation Act) Committee.



Selected Fellowships, Grants, and Awards


1967-68 NDFL Fellowship (Japanese)


1968-70 National Institute of Mental Health Fellowship and Training Grant for field research on Japanese Outcastism.


1978 Fulbright Research Fellowship for research on Japanese social movements. Research during the summer of 1978 focused on the outcaste liberation movement, the peace movement, and the anti-airport struggle at Sanrizuka.


1979 Participated in Research Skills Development Institute, School of Social and Behavioral Sciences, CSULB, June 4-22, 1979.


1980 Phi Beta Kappa University Scholar. Lecture: "On the Origin of Patriarchy and Class Rule."


1986 NEH Summer Seminar for College Teachers on "Karl Marx as a Social Theorist." University of Southern California. John Elliott, Director. June-August, 1986.



Political Activities


1982 Peace and Freedom Party Candidate for U.S. Congress, 38th Congressional District. Received approximately 7000 votes.


1985-2002 Active with our faculty union, the California Faculty Association, and served as our local’s delegate to the Los Angeles County Federation of Labor, AFL-CIO..


1989-1992 Editor and chief writer for The CFA Organizer, the newsletter for the Long Beach chapter of our faculty union, the California Faculty Organization.


1991-1996 Editor and chief writer for the Peter Carr Peace Center News, an occasional newsletter of the Peter Carr Peace Center, distributed in response to various events of interest to the Cal State Long Beach community, such as the first Gulf War and the threatened destruction of the National Register site of Puvungna on the CSULB campus.


1992-1995 Co-Editor for ChangeLinks: An Action Calendar for Peace and Social Justice in the Greater Los Angeles Area..


1993-1996 Partisan Anthropology with the Save Puvungna Coalition, working with local Indians in their successful struggle to save their sacred site from bulldozers.


1999-2006 Co-Organizer of the Long Beach Area Peace Network (LBAPN), formed in response to Clinton’s bombing of Afghanistan and the Sudan.


2003-2006 Co-Editor of the LBAPN Peace Calendar, a monthly calendar of peace and justice events in the Long Beach area.




Selected Publications, Papers, Etc.


1973 "Genetic and Cultural Pools: Some Suggestions for a Unified Theory of Biocultural Evolution." Human Ecology 1:201-215. (1973)


1973 "Slavery, Surplus, and Stratification on the Northwest Coast: The Ethnoenergetics of an Incipient Stratification System." Current Anthropology 14:603-631 (with CA* comment by 14 scholars and reply). (1973)


1973 "Ghetto and Schools in Kyoto, Japan." Integrated Education: Minority Children in Schools 11(4&5):29-34. (1973)


1974 "Mode of Production and Mode of Exploitation: The Mechanical and the Dialectical." Dialectical Anthropology 1:7-23. (1974)


1976 Signed articles on "Capitalism," "Communism," "Exploitation," Imperialism," "Revolution," Socialism," and "Surplus," and unsigned articles on "Economic Determinism," "Primitive Communism," and "State and Revolution," in Encyclopedia of Anthropology, edited by Phillip Whitten and David E. Hunter. New York: Harper and Row. (1976)


1976 "Labor, People, Culture: A Labor Theory of Human Origins." Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 20:136-163. (1976)


1977 "Energy and Culture." In The Concepts and Dynamics of Culture. Edited by Bernardo Bernardi. The Hague: Mouton Publishers. Pp. 209-237. (1977)


1977 "A Socialist Alternative for the Future." In Cultures of the Future. Edited by Magoroh Maruyama and Arthur Harkins. The Hague: Mouton Publishers. Pp. 613-628. (1978)


1978 "Junenburi no Buraku Mondai." ("The Outcaste Problem after Ten Years.") (Interview in Japanese.) Buraku 78/9:44-59. (September 1978)


1979 "Capitalism and Caste in Japan." In New Directions in Political Economy: An Approach from Anthropology. Edited by Madeline Barbara Leons and Frances Rothstein. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. Pp. 201-233. (1979)


1979 "Conflicting Japanese Interpretations of the Outcaste Problem (Buraku Mondai)." American Ethnologist 6:55-72. (1979)


1981 "Culture, Protoculture, and the Cultural Pool." (Comment on H.C. Plotkin and F.J. Odling-Smee, "A Multiple-Level Model of Evolution and Its Implications for Sociobiology.") The Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4:251-252. (1981)


1987 "Rethinking Marxist Anthropology." In Perspectives in U.S. Marxist Anthropology. Edited by David Hakken and Hanna Lessinger. Boulder and London: Westview Press. Pp. 24-56. (1987)


1988 "Anthropology for Marxists: Prehistoric Revolutions." Nature, Society, and Thought: A Journal of Dialectical Materialism 1(4):469-499 (1988).


1988-89 "On Protosocialist Nations." University of Dayton Review 19(2):109-125 (Summer 1988-89).


1993 "Comment on Roscoe: 'Practice and Political Centralization: A New Approach to Political Evolution.'" Current Anthropology 34:131-132 (1993).


1993-99 Various articles and papers on the Puvungna Sacred Site Struggle on the Cal State Long Beach campus, including:


           “Lies, Bribes and Archaeology.” CrossRoads 36: 21-22 (November 1993);


 “Puvungna Sacred Site Threatened.” On Indian Land (Winter 1993/1994); “Campus Officials, Indians at Odds Over Archaeological Site.” Newsletter of the Society for California Archaeology March 1994;


 “Let My People Grow! Partisan Anthropology and the Struggle to Save Puvungna and the Organic Gardens.” Paper presented at the 93rd Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, November 30, 1994, Atlanta, Georgia


 “Archaeology As A Political Weapon: The Story Of Puvungna.” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Anthropological Society, Miyako Hotel, San Francisco, Saturday, April 8, 1995;


 “ Refugees in Their Own Land: The Gabrielino/Tongva Indians of Southern California.”  Paper presented at the Conference on Human Rights Violations & Refugees Plight. National and International dimensions. California State University, Long Beach. April 19, 1995;


 “Puvungna Struggle Continues.” Long Beach Citizen News. Vol 21, No.  6, pp. 8, 7. April-May 1995;


 “Puvungna Struggle Continues.” Paving Moratorium Update and Auto-Free Times. No. 7, p. 16. Arcata, California. Summer 1995;


 Native Peoples in Southern California Demand: Save Puvungna!” Turning the Tide: Journal of Anti-Racist Activism, Research, and Education. Vol .8, No. 2, pp. 4-5. Burbank, California. Summer 1995; 


           “Lies, Bribes, and Archaeology: The Story of Puvungna.” Paper presented at the 94th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, November 16, 1995, Washington, D.C. :


 “CSULB Lawsuits Raise Ethical Issues for Anthropologists.” Anthropology Newsletter. December 1995, pp. 15-16.;


           Indian Spirituality, White Man's Law: The Story of Puvungna.” Paper presented at the Symposium, A Living Anthropology in Service to the World, Second Annual Symposium of the California Institute of Integral Studies. San Francisco,  Saturday, February 17, 1996;


 “Anthropology and Indigenous Populations.” Paper presented at the 95th Annual Meeting of the  American Anthropological Association, Sunday, November 24, 1996, San Francisco;


           “Sacred Sites In Urban Settings: The Case Of Puvungna.” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Anthropology of Religion Section of the  American Anthropological Association held jointly with the  Central States Anthropological Association, Chicago, Illinois, April 15-18, 1998, and at the Conference on Organized Religions’ Influence on Politics and Global Socio-Economic Issues:  Causes and Consequences. California State University, Long Beach. Wednesday, April 21, 1999


1998 "The Communist Manifesto in the Light of Current Anthropology." Paper Presented at the International Conference to Commemorate the 150th Anniversary of the Communist Manifesto. Social Emancipation 150 Years After The Manifesto. Havana, Feb. 17-20, 1998


1998 "Comment” in “The Making of Chumash Tradition.”. Current Anthropology 39 (4) 487-491. (Criticism of “Anthropology and the Making of Chumash Tradition.” By: Haley, Brian D.; Wilcoxon, Larry R.. Current Anthropology, Dec 97, Vol. 38 Issue 5, p761-794, 34p)


2000 "Comment” on Boxt & Raab: “Puvunga and Point Conception: A Comparative Study of Southern California Indian Traditionalism,” Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology Vol. 22, No. 1


2001 "The Two Faces of Capitalism: Underdevelopment and Overdevelopment." Unpublished manuscript, written about 2001.


2004 "With Marx and Jesus: Toward an Ecumenical Communism." Unpublished mansucrpipt, written in 2004.


2005 "Hobbits and Humans." Unpublished response to Richard York's article, "Homo Floresiensis and Human Equality: Enduring Lessons from Stephen Jay Gould," in the March 2005 issue of Monthly Review.



Ongoing Research Projects


Social Thermodynamics:
This represents an effort to combine ecological energetics with Marx's labor theory of value. In one form or another, this has been the major focus of my professional life since my undergraduate years at Berkeley.


The Human Adventure: From Ancestral Communism to the Seventh Generaltion .
 Unpublished book manuscript, used as a textbook for my course, Anth 311 IC The Human Adventure. The latest version was completed in 1991. As I was preparing to revise this in response to comments of potential publishers, the Puvungna Sacred Site Struggle began and occupied most of my time. Now in process of revision


Partisan Anthropology with the Puvungna Sacred Site Struggle;
Since January 1993, I have spent considerable time working with the local Indian community, the Save Puvungna Coalition, California's Native American Heritage Commission, and the ACLU in the struggle to save the sacred site of Puvungna on the Cal State Long Beach campus. My writing associated with this struggle has included several editions of the Peter Carr Peace Center News (which have been distribution as informational literature by the Coalition), a number of lengthy memos to state officials and CSULB administrators, articles in various newspapers, and papers at scholarly meetings. I hope to turn this into a book, tentatively titled, Lies Bribes, and Anthropology: The True Story of My Encounter with Puvungna and My Recovery from Western Civilization.